Rodents: Threat to lives in hospitals

Rat is a medium-sized rodent. Rats are omnivores, they eat lots of different types of food. Most rats are in the genus Rattus. There are about 56 different species of rats. The best-known rats are the black rat (Rattus rattus), and the brown rat (Rattus norvegicus). These two are known as Old World rats. Rats have caused a lot of menace in the hospitals. Rats generally have a strong sense of smell and a strong sense of taste.1% of Rats DNA is used to sense smell and they can taste 250 parts per billion. They can get access to the hospitals through the crack in the walls or through the holes of the building pipes and also due to overgrown vegetation and other conditions that provide rodent harborage. Rats are always in search of food. They can feed on waste food, degraded food or any other uncooked food. Rodents are blessed with a pair of a continuously growing incisor. In order to keep them in check i.e. to avoid their overgrowth, they need to continuously gnaw on something. Rats can spread disease through their bite or with their droppings to humans. They can cause damage to their gnawing and feeding. Rats usually like dark places to stay. For breeding also they prefer to breed in places that are untouched by the humans or where humans cannot reach such as the attic. In hospital all these conditions are present. Cafeterias, bathrooms, waste disposal areas, patient rooms, laundry rooms etc. are common sites of pest infestation in hospitals. The biology of a rodent and their unique habits may result in many challenges when it comes to their control. If left alone, these rodents may prove to be a relatively serious nuisance to us and a menace to our surroundings. These warm-blooded mammals may be found in just about every single region of the world. Individuals that find that they are the victim of a rodent infestation often find that the mammals are capable of doing a significant amount of damage in a short amount of time.

There are many serious issues that may occur from a rodent infestation. These pests are very difficult to control, have the ability to contaminate foods, and are known to spread diseases.

In order to truly understand the problem with rodents, consider the following facts:

  • House mice have the ability to contaminate up to 10 times the total amount of food that they consume during feedings.
  • Since the year of 1993, there have been over 400 cases of the illness known as “Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome” reported. This is carried and transmitted by rodents.
  • There are fleas on rodents that are known to result in diseases such as the one called “Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus” and the plague.

Apart from spreading deadly diseases, rodents are also seen destroying expensive equipment in hospitals. The use of conventional fumigants, rodenticides is no longer considered to be an effective solution to get rid of the rodent infestation as they contain a toxic chemical. The toxic chemicals present can cause harm to the patients who are already on low immunity. This can cause several health risks for the patients.

Below are some news articles pertaining to the nuisance caused by rodents.

Rats gnaw on infant’s fingers in Raj hospital

14 Jun 2017, The Times of India (Mumbai edition) Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.

In a shocking incident, rats nibbled a four-day-old baby’s fingers at a government-run hospital in Banswara in Rajasthan. The incident occurred on Monday in MG Hospital, a doctor at the hospital, not willing to be named, told IANS on Tuesday. Banswara is over 500 km from state capital Jaipur.
A woman Priyanka, gave birth to a baby boy four days ago. Around 5 A.M, on Monday, the rats nibbled at the boy’s fingers. There was no light in the ward when the rats were nibbling the baby’s fingers and the family members saw it only after the lights came on. They then lodged a complaint with the hospital authorities.
“A committee has been formed to look into the matter. The committee consists of doctors and nursing staff,” O.P. Upadhaya, Acting Principal Medical Officer (PMO) of the hospital, said.

Rat Bites Infant At Hospital In Madhya Pradesh

May 18, 2017, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India.

In a shocking incident, a newborn was bitten by a rat as the mother and the child were sleeping on the floor of a hospital in Madhya Pradesh’s Shivpuri district. Sunita, a resident of Kumharaua village, was admitted in the delivery ward on May 14. She later gave birth to a baby girl. As there were no beds available in the district hospital, she had to spend the night sleeping on the floor.

On May 15, their second night of sleeping on the floor, Sunita saw bleeding from her newborn’s finger. She also spotted a rat running away, which made it clear that the rodent had nibbled on her child’s finger.Talking to IANS, the hospital’s regional medical officer SS Gujjar agreed that there are bite marks on the girl’s finger but said that it is unclear if the wounds are due to a rat.“The newborn has been given injections against any infections and she is healthy,” he added.

We at CTech Corporation have come up with a unique product known as Rodrepel™ which solves all the rodent-related grievances. So let us look at some of the salient features of Rodrepel™ and how it drives these mischievous rodents away from our hospitals, houses, and workplaces. Rodrepel™ is a non-toxic and non-hazardous rodent aversive. It is an anti-rodent additive available in the 3 form viz masterbatch, Liquid concentrate and lacquer form. Masterbatch can be incorporated into nearly all base polymers like HDPE, MDPE, LDPE, PVC, PE, etc. Liquid concentrate can be mixed with paints in the ratio of 1:100 and applied on surfaces.Lacquer form can be applied directly as a topical application.

The product triggers a fear response in rodents thus protecting the application. It causes severe temporary distress to the mucous membrane of the rodents due to which the pest stays away from the application. The product triggers an unpleasant reaction in case if the pest tries to gnaw away the application. After encountering the above-mentioned emotions, the animal instinctively perceives it with something it should stay away from and stores this information for future reference. The fact that certain rodents are repelled is mimicked by other rodents as well. Thus, the other rodents too stay away from the applications. The unpleasant experience is imprinted within the animal’s memory and passed on to its progeny.

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