Rats blamed for train arson!!

1Rats here, rats there, rats everywhere! This is the condition of Indian Railways as of today. Indian Railway is the lifeline of every average Indian. It is the second largest rail network in Asia transporting about 30 million people daily. Touted as one of the most commuter friendly means of travel, they are the most preferred means for every average Indian. Apart from connecting the most far reaching and hitherto inaccessible areas to each other, it provides us with a means of pocket friendly commute.

A train journey is quite the experience for kids and adults alike. But what happens when they are confronted with abominable co-passengers like rats and cockroaches? Well the “happy” train ride gets quickly transformed into a ghoulish nightmare! The perpetrators of this horror movie are the nasty rodents, cockroaches and bedbugs. They have stealthily made their way into the complex railway network and captured every nook and corner.

Rodents are rampant in coaches adjoining p2the pantry cars. Owing to the wide and continuous usage of the railway carriages, there is ample food in the form of leftovers from meals. Also the presence of bedding in the Air Conditioned coaches makes for ideal home for insects like bedbugs. Ensconced in the linen and blankets given to passengers travelling on AC two and three-tier coaches, bed bugs become active once lights in coaches go off and passengers hit the sack. According to a survey, the most commonly infested places are the mattress (98.2%).

Despite repeated complaints the Railway authorities have been able to do little regarding this problem. There have been numerous cases where passenger trains have been delayed due to passengers staging a full-fledged “rail roko” a popular term for forceful stoppage of trains by passengers owing to dissatisfactory services rendered. The past 3-4 years have seen a hike in such revolts. On an average, 773 rats and over 31,368 cockroaches per month are exterminated from coaches at Secunderabad and eight other coaching depots under SCR (South Central Railways) limits every month. Not only the SCR but other branches of Railways too bear the brunt of these wily pests. As a solution to this the Railway authorities have been handing out expensive pest control contacts to reputed agencies. These pest agencies use poisonous chemicals and gases as a means to combat the pest problem, but at the end of the day are none the wiser. The pests might leave the carriages alone temporarily, but the temptation of food is too alluring to resist. They come back soon! In the end the problem remains untreated; the commuters continue to be harrowed!

Presence of these creepy crawlers is highly bothersome. Rats and cockroaches have resulted in the loss of peace of mind of commuters till now; but considering the recent turn of events, rats might just turn out to be the cause for loss of life! This is something that we cannot ignore!

Lets us look at the below news article:

 

Rats behind Bangalore-Nanded Express blaze?

V Kamalakara Rao, TNN | Jan 1, 2014, 11.04 PM IST

 

VISAKHAPATNAM: Four days after the train blaze in Anantapur district, that claimed 26 lives, railway authorities are still sticking to their short circuit theory despite their inability to ascertain the actual reason that sparked off the blaze. Experts however point out that this short circuit could well be due to the rodent menace which has grown into unmanageable proportions.

According to experts, mice chew the protective rubber insulation off the electricity wires and studies also reveal that rodents are behind nearly 5-6% of power outages and short circuits.

Andhra University professor GVKR Sastry, who has 35 years of experience in teaching and research in the field of electrical engineering, explained the role rodents play in triggering short circuits either by chewing the cables or by coming in contact with `positive’ and `negative’ nodes or terminals.

A short circuit is an abnormal connection between two nodes of an electric circuit intended to be at different voltages. “If a rodent is stuck between the two nodes, the connection between the nodes of the circuit lead to an abnormal stage, causing circuit damage, overheating, fire or explosion,” Prof Sastry explained.

“There are possibilities of rodents triggering short circuits. It happens often. However, I can’t ascertain the reasons behind the Bangalore-Nanded Express fire without examining the incident spot,” Sastry concluded.

Agreeing with Prof Sastry, Anil Kumar, divisional railway manager, Waltair Division of East Coast Railway (ECoR), said that railway officers concerned currently suspect that the fire may have been triggered by a short circuit. “I agree that rodents could also be one of the reasons behind short circuits,” Anil Kumar told TOI.

Visakhapatnam Railway Zone Sadana Samiti convener JV Satyanarayana Murthy said, “In my experience with the Railways, I have found a number of rodents or mice crawling in the AC coaches of trains, particularly in Garibrath Express that is a fully-AC daily train plying between Visakhapatnam and Secunderabad. This theory was also proved right when a fire mishap took place in my car after rats chewed off some wires. The privatization of maintenance works of the coaches has led to the poor condition of the coaches and the rising number of rodents.”

When contacted, ECoR chief public relation officer JP Mishra said: “We are keeping a strict watch on complaints from passengers on rodents and pests. The root cause lies in the maintenance and sanitation at the railway station and proper cleaning of the coaches, especially the pantry cars. If there are any complaints they will tighten the mechanism and continue the strict vigil.”

The above incident is a shocking one. The loss of 26 lives is being attributed to measly rodents!

 

Rats are inquisitive by nature and love exploring new places. Also they are characterized by a pair of ever growing incisors which need to be kept short by gnawing. Rats are attracted to the smell and color of polymers and therefore electric wires and cables are a soft target for them to gnaw at. Chewing by rats damages the cables and wires and can result in short circuit as in the above case.

Efforts by the Railways need to be quadrupled to effectively deal with this problem. It has been proved time and again that the conventional pest control strategies have failed and lakhs of rupees have gone down the drain. In order to prevent the occurrence of any untoward incident in the future at the behest of rodents or pests, new and effective methods need to be designed and followed through.

C Tech Corporation can offer a solution to this problem. Our products Rodrepel™ and Combirepel™ are non-toxic, non-hazardous rodent and pest aversive. They are available in the form of masterbatches which can be directly incorporated in the polymer matrix during processing of wires and cables. This would result in the final cable or wire being rodent and pest repellant. This would be an efficient way of deterring the rodents from chewing the cables and wires and thus negate the possibility of a short circuit. Gruesome accidents like above can thus be avoided.

Rodrepel™ and Combirepel™ are also available in lacquer form and can be applied directly on the outside as well as inside of the railway coaches. These products can effectively control the proliferation of these undesired pests!

 

Culprit of Power Outages: RODENTS!!!!!

Rodents have a very peculiar habit of gnawing things. Their particular imagesfavorites are polymeric applications like cables, pipes, films etc. This habit of the rodents has serious repercussions for us. The rodents are notorious for gnawing through the cables and causing power outages. In US, most of the times the culprit for power outages are rodents like squirrels.

It was reported in New York Times that, “Since Memorial Day, I’ve cataloged reports of 50 power outages caused by squirrels in 24 states. images (3)(And these, of course, are only those power outages severe enough to make the news.) Fifteen hundred customers lost power in Mason City, Iowa; 1,500 customers in Roanoke, Va.; 5,000 customers in Clackamas County, Ore.; and 10,000 customers in Wichita, Kan. — and that was just during two particularly busy days in June. A month later, there were two separate P.O.C.B.S., as I’ve come to call power outages caused by squirrels, around the small town of Evergreen, Mont., on a single day.”

In 2006, Georgia Power estimated squirrel-related damage cost the company $2 million in 2006, according to USA Today. On many instances, because of power surge expensive electrical items are damaged.

This habit of rodents chewing through the cables becomes more images (2)dangerous when they work their way in nuclear plants and cause power outages. Power outage in nuclear plants is a serious issue as many vital operations in the plants run on electricity and their stoppage may lead to dangerous and life threatening situations. One such incident was reported by CNN International on 21st March 2013. The report stated, A ‘rat-like animal’ just might be the reason for power outages at a critical Japanese nuclear facility this week. The operator of the Fukushima Daiichi plant suspects such a critter of causing a short circuit in a switchboard that led to a power outage, Japan’s Kyodo news agency reported Wednesday.”

Not only rats but even other animals sometimes damage the cables or interfere with the circuit board and disrupt the power system.  Let’s take a look at the following report which gives us some insight of the animals that are responsible for power outages.

Animals causing power outages in area

May 29, 2012|BY Jeff Bahr

Birds and other animals don’t deliberately cause mayhem. But their actions can knock out power and sometimes even start fires.

  On May 18, a bird’s nest caused a loss of power for 5,000 Northwestern Energy customers in Aberdeen, Warner and Stratford. The nest was built in a transmission substation south of Aberdeen. Northwestern spokesman Tom Glanzer believes the problem was caused by a big piece of twine that birds brought in to build the nest.

 On Monday, an apartment complex in the 1500 block of South Washington Street lost power at 11 a.m., after a squirrel touched a jumper and a grounded object, Glanzer said.

 “It happens all the time,” he said.

 Residents were without power for 35 minutes, Glanzer said.

 Animal behavior can short-circuit transformers. Furry creatures are often the culprit, but not always.

 “We’ve had snakes (get) into the transformer gear and short themselves out,” said Aberdeen fire marshal Mike Thompson.

  Critters can be inadvertent arsonists when they get inside an attic. Those animals might chew on electrical wires until they’re bare, which can lead to trouble.

 The culprits could be raccoons or mice, but squirrels are very adept at getting into attics. “They’re always looking for a nice place to live,” said Aberdeen Animal Control Officer John Weaver.

  Problems also occur on power lines. Danger results when a bird or other creature touches two lines simultaneously.

  “A squirrel can run on a power line all day long and he’s fine, but if he touches two lines at the same time, he’s going to get electrocuted and may cause an outage” or fire, said Ken Dulik, who works for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service at Sand Lake.

   A bird with a wingspan of five or six feet is in particular danger of electrocution.

  “Obviously, the bigger the bird, the bigger the hazard, because it’s easier for them to touch two lines at the same time,” Dulik said.

   Every once in a great while, a bird’s nest can cause a fire.

   About three years ago, a nest built above a light fixture started a fire outside an Aberdeen home. The damage was mostly “just exterior damage to the siding,” Thompson said.

  Sometimes, damage is the result of burrowing. A mole or pocket gopher, digging into the ground looking for roots, might chew on an electrical wire and disrupt power, Weaver said.

  In their battle to get inside, critters can be persistent. To keep animals out of the house, homeowners should check their attics, soffit boards, gable ends and vent openings, Thompson said.

  Usually, animals find an opening where the wood has rotted out, or they’re on the roof “prying on stuff and manage to make an opening to get in,” Thompson said.

 Many animals try to gain entrance through the window well.

 Weaver has extracted from window wells skunks, raccoons, woodchucks, mink, weasels, rabbits and frogs, as well as muskrats “by the bucketful. I don’t know what it is with muskrats and window wells, but they just seem to love them.”

  The only snakes in this area, Weaver says, are garter snakes and bullsnakes.

  Garter snakes, he stresses, are our friends. “But tell that to someone who’s got a garter snake in their basement,” he said.

  If your house is damaged by animals, you’re going to have to pay for it yourself.

 Michael Barry of the Insurance Information Institute says that losses due to vermin are not covered in a standard homeowner’s insurance policy.

  As part of his job, Dulik works with power companies to prevent or fix problems that could lead to the death of migratory birds.

  It can be dangerous out in the country. Dulik remembers a case last year “where a bird got electrocuted and it burned the top of a power pole off.”

images (1) Creatures can cause trouble in the most unexpected ways. A bird or other animal might pick up a still-lit cigarette that was thrown out of a vehicle and drop it somewhere else. “That’s rare, but it can happen,” Thompson said. Damage could be caused by animals that are honored residents of the home. Thompson says people should make sure house pets aren’t chewing on appliance or extension cords. The problem is especially acute if the pets are young puppies and they’re teething. “Whatever they can get in their mouth, they’ll chew on,” he said.
In the last month, North Western Energy customers in the Aberdeeen area have experienced four significant power outages.

 On May 20, 49 customers were without power for an hour and a half near Roosevelt Street. The cause was a bad underground wire, said North Western spokesman Tom Glanzer

The above report says that along with rodents, animals and birds are also responsible for causing power outages. However the number one position is still held by the rodents who have the highest number of power outages attributed to them.

So, one may wonder why these furry animals chew our cables and damage them. One of the most important factors is the intrinsic need of the rodents to chew continually in order to shorten and sharpen their continuously growing incisors. The other factor which attracts the rodents to our cables is the smell of the plasticizers and their color.

UntitledAmong the various reasons of power outage, rodents like squirrels contribute 10-11%, as per the survey conducted by Glendale between 2008 and 2012.

The way to stop rodents from attacking our cables is to make our cables rodent repellent. C Tech Corporation’s Rodrepel™ is the only product which protects the cables from rodents by repelling them. Rodrepel™ is a non-toxic, non-hazardous and environment friendly product which is 100% effective in keeping the rodents away. The product works on the mechanism of repellence and does not kill the target or non-target species. Rodrepel™ can be incorporated in wires and cable polymer during the polymer processing.

 

Carnage by birds!!

imagesBirds constitute a class of air borne pests that can be quite difficult to contain. The obvious reason being their huge number and the fact that they are practically inaccessible to humans. Their envious ability to fly can invoke a sense of sheer helplessness considering the amount of damage they do on the ground.

Pest birds cause tens of millions of dollars in damage every year to buildings, machinery, automobiles, roofs, ventilation systems and much more. Bird droppings and nesting materials which are allowed to accumulate pose a host of physical problems which can become very serious if they are not corrected immediately. Bird droppings are very acidic in nature. They actually eat away at many substrates, especially tar-based roofing materials. Droppings which are allowed to accumulate on roofs will eat into the material and eventually cause leaks. The life expectancy of a warehouse roof can be cut in half by just a light, but continuous, application of bird droppings. The accumulation of pigeon droppings caused a gas station canopy to collapse in Arizona in 2008.

Pigeon, starling and sparrow nests are 2often built in rain gutters, drains and corners of roofs where drains are located. Several warehouses every year experience great damage, even collapsed roofs. A collapsed roof that resulted in death or great physical damage could put a company out of business. Acidic bird droppings can do great damage to air conditioning equipment, industrial machinery, siding, insulation etc. Not only is the equipment damaged, but workers are exposed to dangerous health-risks any time they work on or around the machinery. Pigeons have been known to enter attics of houses, apartments, restaurants and other buildings through openings that have been either broken or never sealed off in the first place. In most cases the pigeons set up homes in these protected areas, build nests and discard their bodily waste.

airBird populations cause an estimated annual loss of $100 million to U.S. agriculture, according to Charles Lee, an Extension wildlife specialist at Kansas State University. Blackbirds, grackles, and crows often feed on developing ears in corn fields following pollination early in the grain filling period. They seem particularly attracted to developing kernels near the so-called milk stage or “roasting ear” stage.  Large flocks of these birds can cause a tremendous amount of damage and will often target one hybrid over another. Damage is often most prevalent along field edges and nearby wooded areas, but can extend throughout a large field.  Such bird feeding damage predisposes the ears to the development of various ear molds and rots, some of which may subsequently lead to the development of dangerous mycotoxins. Average 10% ear damage throughout a field is associated with an estimated 5,000 birds. The thought of so many birds in one field brings back bad childhood memories of watching Alfred Hitchcock’s classic 1963 horror movie “The Birds”!

The bird problem is a universal one. The people of a town in Australia report of the sulphur-crested cockatoos of Potts Point, which have caused more than $40,000 in damage to one building alone and are absolutely incorrigible. These birds the residents say have damaged many of the homes which are heritage-listed as well as art-deco buildings. The extent of bird nuisance is demonstrated by a court order in Venice, Europe that bans tourists as well as localites from feeding pigeons at the St. Mark square. This order goes well against the customs and traditions of this region, but officials say they were forced to take this radical step as the feeding resulted into an increased bird population which culminated in increased damage to heritage structures by the avian. Bird activity damage is not restricted to our surroundings alone; in some cases it has a direct effect on humans also.  There have been reports about a certain seemingly harmless but potentially vicious bird called “magpie” attacking humans. There are numerous videos of actual incidents posted online of the same. There was a recent report of a little girl who was blinded and scarred for life after being attacked by a magpie. The mother was quoted as saying that the vicious bird swooped in out of nowhere and attacked the girl and her friend as they were crossing the street. The resulting panic just instigated the magpie to attack them more aggressively. The attack inflicted permanent damage to her cornea resulting in permanent blindness in one eye.

Apart from the danger they pose to heritage structures by defacing them or pecking away at them, birds are responsible for the spread of many diseases. Birds are active vectors of potentially deadly diseases like bird flu also called avian influenza as bird are the prime hosts of this virus. Not only bird flu, birds and their droppings can carry over 60 diseases many of them airborne and can be transferred to humans by just being in the vicinity of bird droppings. Some of the diseases spread by birds are Histoplasmosis- a respiratory disease, Candidiasis- yeast or fungus infection spread by pigeons which affects the skin and mouth, Cryptococcosis which may affect the central nervous system, etc.

Lastly birds pose a grave danger to flights. There have been uncountable incidents of flights being damaged, grounded, due to bird collision in mid air. Flocks of birds have been blamed for scores of small-plane crashes and at least two major U.S. aviation disasters. Birds can often get sucked into engines on takeoff, disabling the planes and forcing pilots to make emergency landings or crash, experts say. In both 2011 and 2012 more than 2,200 bird strike reports were recorded by the CAA. The figures include both minor incidents and those in which aircraft sustained some damage.

To sum it up, these beautiful unattainable creatures of flight don’t paint a rosy picture when it comes to their relationship with humans. They cause millions in damage by various means. Moreover they are difficult to contain because of the simple fact that they are not on the same level as we are, literally speaking. The methods adopted earlier to contain them include use of nets; nylon nets especially can kill a bird. This therefore shouldn’t be our method of choice while dealing with them as some of these birds are classified as endangered species. The proper way of dealing with them would be to repel them and thus keep them away from our houses, heritage structures, crops, and planes. Rodrepel™ a product of C Tech Corporation does just the same. Rodrepel™ is a non-toxic, non-hazardous, eco-friendly rodent and bird aversive. It is available in lacquer form which can be used to paint on wood as well as metal. It works on the mechanism of repellence and drives the birds away. Thus it can be applied on the heritage structures to discourage any bird activity near it. It is also available in the form of polymer additive masterbatch which can be incorporated in agricultural films used in agriculture. This would ensure that the crops are protected from birds.

 

 

 

Exquisite antlers ravage fields!!

 “Agriculture not only gives riches to a nation, but the only riches she can call her own”

deerAgriculture, one of the oldest occupations practiced- worldwide has a paramount importance in our lives. When our nomadic ancestors began to settle and grow their own food, human society was forever changed. Human communities, no matter how sophisticated, could not ignore the importance of agriculture. To be far from dependable sources of food was to risk malnutrition and starvation.

Owing to the advent of industrial revolution, there was modernization in agriculture which led to increase in production. Despite the increased production, agriculture is under as great a threat as ever from its age old enemy i.e. pests. Apart from this agriculture has to suffer due to activities of wild stock and other animals like deer and raccoons. Wildlife damage to field crops is a widespread concern in the United States, especially in Midwestern states, and the assessment and control of wildlife damage to crops has become an important component of wildlife management. It was estimated that wildlife-related economic losses to agricultural producers (farmers and ranchers) in the United States exceed $4.5 billion annually.

White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) which was once considered an endangered species has now flourished to great lengths. The increase in deer population has been accompanied by a decrease in crop acreage. White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) are thought to be the most common wildlife species that routinely damage agricultural crops. White-tailed deer damage agricultural crops, often leading to significant economic losses for farmers. Early in the growing season, deer will sometimes feed on the whorls or tops of young plants in mid- to late June when the immature tassel down in the whorl is 4 to 6 inches long. Rather than actually eating the whorl leaves, the deer are apparently drawn to the succulent, moist immature tassel. The result is decapitated plants whose young whorl leaves have simply been pulled out and the tassel somehow chewed out and eaten. The mostly intact whorl leaves are left behind on the ground along with the tell-tale evidence of hoof prints and deer scat.

Deer have a soft spot for corn and soybeans in particular!!

Deer feed on corn sparingly after the milk stage until the crop matures. Stalks are more easily knocked down during this period and deer will feed readily on kernels, on the cob and those on the ground. While stalks are on the ground deer may scrape the ear along its length using its bottom incisors. At maturity, some corn plants have reddening of leaves and/or the stalk.

Corn plants with purple-colored stalks in August –September often are indicative of damage caused by deer. Deer will readily scrape kernels off the cobs of mature corn plants, generally causing little or no physical damage to the corn stalk. Removal of kernels after maturity results in red cobs. Damage caused earlier in the growing season results in dirty brown cobs. Complaints from farmers whose crops are eaten by deer have been increasing steadily.

The common symptoms resulting from deer feeding on corn at this stage of development are “topless” plants and decapitated ears. The ear symptoms are sometimes mistaken for bird damage, but differ because of the distinct appearance of “cut” husks and missing ends of cobs resulting from the deer chomping” off the ends of the ears.Deer damage to plants or ears of corn during the grain filling period often encourages disease infection of the damaged plant tissue by common smut spores. This disease eventually develops into the ugly mass of fungal tissue on damaged plant parts.

cornDeer relish young soybeans almost as much as kids love ice cream. And with deer populations exploding in many states, that’s no small problem. In fact, some Southern states farmers have thrown in the towel and quit raising soybeans on fields that were hardest hit. There has been severe deer pressure on soybeans in some parts of the state because soybeans are a preferred food by deer.

In a statewide survey conducted by Clemson University, crop producers reported that 70% of their 1991 soybean acreage was damaged to some extent by deer. Based on the reported acreage and degree of damage, it was estimated that deer damage cost soybean producers in South Carolina more than $7.8 million in 1991.

As reported by this article researchers have gone to the extent of calling soybean as the “perfect deer food”!!

Farmer fear: soybeans called ‘perfect deer food’

BY RALPH LOOS EDITOR

Posted on May 2, 2013

As the state’s farmers prepare for spring planting, an ongoing research project is taking a look at how deer affect soybean crops in agricultural states like Illinois. It is already known that deer eat millions of pounds of crops – and soybeans tend to be the most popular entree on a deer’s menu.

Soybeans mean big antlers on deer, one researcher pointed out.

“It’s no coincidence that in Illinois, Iowa or other states with huge soybean acreages they grow a lot of big deer,” Bronson Strickland, associate extension professor with the Mississippi State University Department of Wildlife, Fisheries and Aquaculture, said.

“It’s no secret that deer love soybeans,” Strickland added. “Soybeans are the perfect deer food – there’s nothing better than soybean plants from the standpoint of palatability, digestibility and food protein.

If there is any plant that’s designed for deer to love and to thrive on, it’s soybeans. For those who want to cultivate a deer population, there’s nothing better for food plots than soybeans.”

The soybean-deer relationship is all too familiar with Illinois farmers. As the state’s deer population exploded in the 1990s and 2000s, more and more farmers experienced extensive crop damage caused by feeding and grazing deer.

For that reason, farmers became big fans of the state’s deer hunters.

When soybean prices began to rise at the end of the last decade – pushing up over the $12 per bushel range, where they currently remain – and farmers began to realize the value of the commodity deer were eating, they became even bigger fans of hunters.

All of this followed a study commissioned by the Illinois Natural History Survey about the relationship between deer hunters and farmers.

Mark Alessi, Human Dimensions research coordinator for the INHS, teamed with other researchers to compile a study on Illinois farmers’ perceptions of deer and their relationship with deer hunters.

The study was conducted in 2011 and followed similar studies in 1982 and 1990.

Among the findings was the fact that a majority of hunters enjoy having deer on their property – until they start to notice damage to their crops caused by those deer.

“About 70 percent say, ‘yes, we love deer’ but that changes when the corn gets eaten,” Alessi noted.

Perceptions have changed since the 1982 study, mostly because the state’s deer herd has grown over the 30-year period.

In the research under way at Mississippi State, the goal is to estimate where in fields deer damage is occurring and how it changes over time.

“We want to quantify the relationship between soybean damage and the number of deer eating beans in a particular field,” Strickland said. “Secondarily, we want to determine how the number of deer relates to the size of the field, how far into the field damage occurs, and how much damage occurs at various spots.”

Strickland said researchers on the project are actually counting the number of deer browsing in each field, using infrared devices that detect the deer heat signature. Student technicians sit in the study fields from sundown until midnight, continually sweeping the fields with the infrared devices and counting the number of deer.

“The deer stand out like a sore thumb,” he said. “It’s also easy to distinguish the difference between deer and feral pigs, which also cause significant soybean damage in the south.”

The study also is examining how deer impact varies from the field border to the middle of the field. Timing of the deer “soybean buffet” is also part of the study.

The Illinois Farm Bureau keeps a close eye on wildlife issues as they affect the state’s farmers.

“The Farm Bureau supports hunting and trapping, and we have policies on wildlife management,” Nancy Erickson, natural resources director for the IFB, said in response to the INHS study’s release last year. “Our members do enjoy wildlife. But they are also trying to make a living and help feed the world. It gets to a point, when crops and property are damaged, something has to be done.”

Farmers in the INHS survey estimated deer caused about $1,500 per capita worth of damage to their property. That damage estimate was formulated before the spike in market prices for soybeans.

Given the extent of damage these apparently harmless creatures cause economically, there is a need for urgent action to be taken in this regards. Killing these creatures should not be the solution that we are looking for. C Tech Corporation has come up with a unique solution to this problem. Rodrepel™ a product of C Tech Corporation is a non-toxic, non-hazardous animal and rodent aversive. It works by the mechanism of repellence and is thus effective in driving deer and such animals away from our precious corn and soybeans. Rodrepel®™ can be applied in the form of lacquer on wooden fences surrounding the fields. It can also be incorporated in irrigation piping and hosing in the form of polymer masterbatch at the time of processing.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rats Under Cover!!

imagesDuring the time of cold winter people just switch on their heater in order to keep them and their house warm and comfortable. But the animals and other species are left outside to fend for themselves. Such animals who are left in open often have to find creative solution to be warm and cozy. The dogs and cats have a tendency to find shelter for themselves without disturbing the people around. But rats being notorious for having luxuries at the expense of humans always turn towards the human belonging. They shelter themselves under the hood in the car and sitting there jobless they tend to chew the car wiring to sharpen their teeth. Below is the recent article which gives us the proof of car breakdown caused due to a small rat.

Rodents find new car wiring tasty

Has the push to go green gone too far? 

automotive_rodent_damage_injector_harnessThat may be the case when it comes to the wiring in our cars, trucks, and SUV’s.  It turns out a new type of environmentally friendly wiring may be too friendly to animals.

No Start, Wiring on Driveway

Woody and Mary Herald couldn’t figure out why their Buick Lucerne suddenly wouldn’t run.

“I got in it,” she said, “and it would just click click and would not start!”

automotive_rodent_damage_under_hood_insulationSo her husband popped the hood, looked around, and on the ground underneath spotted a chewed off wiring harness.

“On the ground is this connector with 6 inches of wire on either end of it,” Herald said,”that the varmints had chewed in 2 completely.”

New Wiring Tasty to Rodents 
It turns out a number of car brands have wiring that is tasty to rodents, according toConnecticut Watchdog, Car Talk 
 , and a number of automotive blogs.

Mechanic Marc Dueubber of Duebber’s Automotive in Cincinnati’s Delhi Township says many automakers have moved to biodegradable, soy based wiring insulation in the past 10 years. It won’t last forever in landfills, like older plastic wiring.

automotive_rodent_damage_fuel_pump_harnessIt’s great for the environment, but even better for hungry mice and squirrels.

“They are drawn to it, therefore they are chewing and eating it,” Duebber said. “And we are finding nests created in the upper plenums (fresh air intakes).”

He showed an air filter that mice recently turned into a nest, using bits of wiring insulation.

What You Can Do

Some automakers are responding.  Honda dealers now sell rolls of anti rodent tape for wires, that can be used on any car, not just Hondas.

“There are some products you can put there as a rodent deterrent,” Duebber said.

Mary and Woody Herald bought a product called Rodent Repellent, for use under the hood.  They have also put bits of mothballs around the wiring, just to be sure.

They say they simply wish they had been warned, before their $400 repair.

“They want to go green but they should warn the public,” Mary Herald said.
If you suspect a critter has gotten under the hood of your car, you need to take action immediately, because he will be back. And he may bring his friends and family next time. 

As always, don’t waste your money. 

Well, spending $400 for the repairs and that to with the guarantee that the rat will return back and may even be accompanied by his friends and family to cause more wreckage is no laughing matter. So now it is high time that we look for the solutions which will ensure that the rats cannot damage the wiring.

C Tech Corporation has come up with a solution called Rodrepel®™ which will put people at ease by protecting their cars from the likes of rats. Rodrepel™ is a non-toxic, non-hazardous and environment friendly aversive and repels all rodents as well as birds. It is an anti-rodent additive for masterbatches specially developed for a range of polymeric and coating applications including films, wires and cables. It also available in the lacquer and solution form which can be coated on the surface to keep the rodents at bay.

 

Rodents and Termites hidden danger inside the railway coaches

Rodents have constant growing incisors in their upper and lower jaw, rat101311to wear them out, they need to gnaw. Railways are most infected by pest like rodents, termites, cockroaches, bedbugs etc. Rodents and other pests also spread diseases such as Leptospirosis, bubonic plague, Salmonellosis, rat- bite fever, dysentery, typhoid, poliomyelitis, gastroenteritis and skin infection. Thus they are a threat to passenger’s health. The Indian Railways spend about Rs 60,000 every month to get rid of the rodent menace.

termiteTermites are small organisms of about 4-15 mm long and vary in color from white to tan and even black. Termite’s bodies are divided into three parts- head, thorn, domain and six legs. They eat 24 hours a day and seven day in a week. Termites cause $2 billion in damage every year.

Rodents and termites are a threat to the railway sector. Indian indian-railwaysRailways is operated by government of India through the Ministry of Railways. It is one of the world’s largest railway networks comprising 115000 km of track over a route of 65000 km and 7500 stations. About 25 million passengers travel daily and 2.8 million tons of freight is transported. Indian Railways collect revenues of about Rs 111984 crore.

Problem created by rats in Rapti Sagar Express in 2012

downloadRats damaged the wires of AC and created a massive problem for the passengers. The inconveniences created by them led to the delay of the train departure. They also injured 4 people. The RPF personnel searched the train but failed to catch the rats. The passengers were provided with primary treatment.

Bedbug create menace in Mangalore-Chennai Express

Bedbugs created a threat in Mangalore- Chennai Express. Bedbugs Bedbugs029are small parasitic insects and they prefer to feed on human blood. They were present in linen and blankets given to the passengers travelling on AC coaches. The passengers had no other option than to spend the night without sleeping. One of the passengers explained that it was stressful to travel in this condition “As he always prefers AC 2 tier for traveling so that he can get a proper sleep and work in a fresh mood from the next day but he was forced by the nuisances created by bedbug to spend a night without sleeping.”

Rat attacks the women in New York subway

A rodent attacked a woman in the subway when she is travelling from Harlem to Midtown. The women felt something crawling on her pant and she started shouting for help. She was provided with medical attention at a nearby station.

Many conventional methods are used like fumigation, glue boards, rodents traps to control the nuisance created by rodents, but these methods are proved worthless. Also these methods are unhygienic as well as toxic to humans as they contain harmful chemicals. As glue board cause slow death to the rat and they slowly decompose, it leads to an unhygienic environment. Glue board is also not very effective if exposed to the moisture.

Combirepel®™ is a product manufactured by the C-tech Corporation which is non-toxic, non- hazardous and eco-friendly. Combirepel®™ is a blend of Rodrepel®™ and Termirepel®™ and is applicable for use against both termites as well as rodents.

Rodrepel®™ is a non-toxic, non-hazardous and eco-friendly anti-rodent aversive. Termirepel®™ is a non-toxic, non-hazardous and environmental safe anti-termite and anti-insect aversive to keep away termites and insects.

In Railways, Combirepel®™ is used in lacquer based form by mixing it with the lacquer or in a paint compatible form.

Combirepel®™ is tested on various railway zones- south-western zone, Konkan zone, Northern zone and central zone. It was tested extensively in the Northern Railway as it is the biggest in terms of network having 6807 km route. Four coaches were used for the testing, 1 pantry car and 3 AC coaches. The coaches are painted in 3 stages- the painting of the under carriage, the painting of the body panel and the painting of the interiors. The galvanized surface is painted with lacquer based paint. The interiors of the coach, body panel, doors, lavatory passage, window sides, seat sides and seat corner were also coated with the Combirepel®™ and the complete inspection are carried out every 2 months.

The pantry area is mostly attacked by the rodents due to the presence of food. The pantry area, resting area of passengers, the lavatory and the storage area were painted and checked.

No sign of infestation was noted. There were no pests in the storage rooms where mostly roaches and insects are found due to the darkness. There is a large difference noted in the numbers of rodents, termites, roaches and other insects after the treatment with Combirepel®™. It is also very safe for pantry cars and other sensitive areas as it is non-toxic.

Its application is very easy and effective. Combirepel®™ is mixed with lacquer in a ratio of 1:100 by simple mixing and the surfaces are painted. The mixture is blended by blender before application for uniform mixing. The paint is applied on the surfaces to be coated in uniform manner. Wooden surface and walls are painted with 1 coat; while on galvanized surface 2 coats of paint are used.

Combirepel can be used as an effective solution for the pest problem in railways.

Automobile industry under threat from martens!

1Don’t confuse them with the “martians”. They are not from Mars; they are very much on our planet and living freely amongst us. These are furry ferret like creatures called martens. There are around 70 species of martens all over the world. The beech marten (Martes foina), also known as the stone marten or white breasted marten, is a species of marten  native to much of Europe  and Central Asia, though it has established a feral population in North America.  Also the beech marten is a widespread species.

The beech marten is mainly a crepuscular and nocturnal animal. Beech martens range in coloration from dark brown to pale grayish brown. A white or buffy streak can be seen just below the chin running down the neck to the chest. Martes foina  have little to no fur on the soles of their feet. The limbs are long, a bushy tail is present. They typically hunt on the ground. The beech marten does not dig burrows, nor does it occupy those of other animals. Instead, it nests in naturally occurring fissures and clefts in rocks, spaces between stones  and inhabited or uninhabited stone structures. The beech marten’s diet includes a much higher quantity of plant food than that of the other martens. .

Now these wily creatures are extremely download (1)inquisitive by nature and have a strong tendency to inspect everything they come across and judge it using their teeth. Also they are highly territorial creatures.  This inquisitive nature of theirs cause a lot of heart burn to car owners.  Since the mid-1970s, the beech marten has been known to cause damage to cars. Cars attacked by martens typically have cut tubes and cables. Stone martens commonly climb into car engine compartments, where they may tear up heat and noise insulation mats or bite into rubber or plastic components. A beech marten can slice through the cables of a starter motor with just one bite. There is  a seasonal peak in marten attacks on cars in spring, when young martens explore their surroundings more often and have yet to learn which items in their habitat are edible or not. The fish oil, often contained in the cables of cars of Japanese origin, may contribute to this. Also a threat to their marked territory i.e. the car,  by any other marten or animal sets them off on a wild pillaging spree of the car in question.

Experts have estimated the annual repair costs of damages caused by these creatures to be around 50-70 million Euros. Beech-martens cause damages amounting to millions by biting into rubber and soft synthetic material parts of vehicles every year. They attack various parts of the cars like high tension cables and rubber cuffs, etc. The bites by these martens are not so noticeable at first but they can lead to subsequent damage as they target vital wires and pipes. It can most often than not cause over heating leading to major engine trouble.

These beech or stone martens are most common in Germany and there have been numerous reports of damage caused to cars owing to them. Let us look at the following article:

More and more cars damaged by Beech martens

Fri 12/04/2013 – 15:32 MB

A growing number of Flemish motorists are seeing their vehicles damaged by beech martens. The small predator that is about the size of a ferret chews through cables causing motor vehicles’ electrics to short-circuit. In the worse cases cars are unable to start as a result of damage caused by beech martens.

The Flemish Motoring Association VAB told the press agency Belga that the damage can cost as much as 300 euro to put right.
It’s not known why the beech martens like to chew through cables in cars and vans. VAB’s Maarten Matienko told Belga that “One reason could be that the plastic casing of some cables contains fish oil. In addition to this, the beech marten is marking its territory. If another beech marten climbs into the engine area of a vehicle it will pick up the scent of a rival and try to get rid of it by chewing the cables.”

Modern cars run less risk of damage from beech martens than older models as the engine areas of newer vehicles are better protected.

The problem of damage to cars caused by beech martens isn’t universal to the whole of our region, but mainly occurs in Limburg and Flemish Brabant.

“It is a limited and local problem. Three out of ten breakdown calls to VAB are as a result of beech marten damage. 22% of these are in Flemish Brabant 26% in Limburg and 52% in Wallonia”.

The Wild Animal Rescue Centre at Opglabbeek in Limburg is currently testing substance that could be used to deter beech martens.

There are numerous such news articles that portray the damage done to cars due to these creatures. They are a source of great nuisance. The automobile industry is a big one in the German market and thus these creatures pose a palpable threat to it.   Various methods have been used before to combat them but to no avail.

C Tech Corporation has come up with a new way of dealing with them. Rodrepel™ a product by C Tech Corporation is a non-toxic, non-hazardous animal and rodent repellant. Rodrepel™ is a result of years of great thinking and green technology.  It is available in the form of masterbatch as well as liquid. It is 100 % effective in repelling rodents, and other animals like bears, martens, dogs, cats, raccoons, etc. It can be incorporated in the wire insulation during processing. Also it can be applied as a coating on the automobile parts. Thus Rodrepel™ can be used to protect our beloved automobiles against these martens.

 

 

Pine Marten creating ruckus in Europe and USA

Pine martens are elusive members of the weasel family and sport a tumblr_m1pef4axov1roj0ebo1_500creamy yellow throat bib and a magnificent long thick tail. They are generally found in the European continent and America. The European pine marten is commonly known as the pine marten in Anglophone Europe, and is also recognized as pineten, baum marten, or sweet marten. In America, they just referred to as American Marten.

Their habitats are usually well-wooded areas. European pine martens mapeuusually make their own dens in hollow trees or scrub-covered fields. Martens are the only mustelids with semi-retractable claws. This enables them to lead more arboreal lifestyles, such as climbing or running on tree branches, although they are also relatively quick runners on the ground. They are mainly active at night and dusk. They have small rounded, highly sensitive ears and sharp teeth for eating small mammals, birds, insects, frogs, and carrion. They have also been known to eat berries, bird’s eggs, meat, nuts and honey.  Pine martens are territorial, and mark their range with faeces (scats) deposited in prominent locations.

ertThe pine marten has a wide distribution in the Palaearctic, being found throughout most of Europe, Asia Minor, northern Iraq and Iran, the Caucasus, and in westernmost parts of Asian Russia. It is widespread in continental Europe, with the exception of most of Iberia and Greece, and parts of Belgium and the Netherlands. It was formerly widespread in the British Isles, but is now restricted to northern Britain and Ireland.

The habit of this pine marten to prey on bird has become an issue of concern as they have become a major threat to capercaillie.

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Pine martens blamed for fall in number of capercaillie

Friday 27 September 2013

SCOTLAND’S gamekeepers are warning that the capercaillie is doomed unless conservationists advising Government agencies protect the birds from natural predators such as the pine marten.

The Scottish Gamekeepers Association (SGA) says that despite an assurance by First Minister Alex Salmond the Capercaillie would not be allowed to “die on his watch”, keepers fear its disappearance is perilously downloadclose.While individual birds exist in fragmented pockets, the only remaining viable breeding population is in Badenoch and Strathspey.

The SGA says it warned 12 years ago predation by pine martens, foxes and crows would imperil the largest member of the grouse family. The SGA claims a scientific study in 2009, using cameras at 20 nests, showed predators destroying 65% of those nests in Abernethy Forest, part of a reserve run by RSPB Scotland in Badenoch and Strathspey.

Of those destroyed, 57% were proven to be by pine martens which, like the Capercaillie, areprotected but more numerous.Members of the Scottish Government’s Biodiversity Action Plan (Bap) group for Capercaillie had acknowledged the need for a trial removal of pine martens from core areas to assess the problem.

However so far, no research licence has been granted and gamekeepers represented on the group fear conservationists are running scared of making the tough decisions required to prevent the bird becoming extinct.Allan Hodgson, who sits on the Bap group, said: “If all the right things are done, there is still a good chance we could save the capercaillie. However, there needs to be some hard decisions taken and some bravery from the Government and those advising it when it comes to dealing with the pine marten issue.”

Duncan Orr-Ewing, head of species and land management at RSPB Scotland, agreed urgent action was required to help save capercaillie in Scotland, and the role of the pine marten considered. But both species were scarce and protected under wildlife laws, he said. He thought it was much too early to embark on a trial removal without considering other options such as increased deer reduction measures, deer fence removal to reduce mortality of capercaillie through fence strikes and diversionary feeding.

He said: “It is also hugely important to remember that in other countries, such as Sweden, capercaillie and pine marten live side by side, where predation occurs, and neither species is endangered. Levels of predation of capercaillie by pine martens recorded by RSPB Scotland at Abernethy are similar to Sweden and elsewhere on the European continent.”

Ron Macdonald, Scottish Natural Heritage’s head of policy and advice, said: “We published two reports in 2011 which looked at this subject. One did not find a direct link between pine marten numbers and capercaillie breeding success. The other found a link when the effects of weather were also taken into account. So the ecological situation is complex.”

He said two key measures of capercaillie productivity – “chicks per hen” and “broods per hen” -were lower when April was warmer and in forests with more signs of pine martens and more crow sightings. “We are keen to take forward research into the role of predation alongside the effects of land use and climate,” he said.

A Scottish Government spokeswoman said: “Our agencies are committed 22233to ensuring its long-term survival.”

The pine martens are known to attack humans. “Football player bitten by affronted Pine Marten on the pitch”, reported by the Telegraph.

They  have been also known to chew rubber and soft plastic parts e.g. windscreen wipers, garden hoses, etc., often those of parked cars, ostensibly to sharpen/clean their teeth, though the exact drive for this behavior is not known, and they do not actually ingest the rubber; damage to brake cables is a particular hazard. In rural areas it is not uncommon for wire fencing to be placed on the ground under parked cars or dog musk or other natural repellents to be sprayed under the car hood to avoid the martens. But these methods are obsolete and hence they are not an effective solution for the marten problem.

An irate car owner in Germany reported the following after facing the marten problem

It’s Marder time, lock away your cars! – Germany

“Well, it’s that time of year again.
People who are new in Germany or don’t own a car will not know what on Earth I am on about.
The “Marder”, or in English, a “Pine Marten
“, is a vicious little mammal post-15-1177494726that enjoys chewing on hot rubber or plastic. To prevent these animals getting into your car’s inner bits and bobs it’s recommended that you park your car in your garage. Other preventative methods are to place rolled up mesh wire under the engine compartment of your car.
It may well be worth looking at your insurance to see if you are covered for Marder damage.
See the photo for what they look like. Take care out there!”

Well no insurance company is going to provide insurance for damages done by the likes of pine marten!  So what is the solution out of this problem?

Hunting and killing them is definitely not an option as hunting of the animals banned in almost all countries. And also this species are economically important and add value to our flora and fauna.

So to stop the martens from causing any damage without harming them; Rodrepel®™ is a perfect solution. Rodrepel®™ is a product by C Tech Corporation which is non-toxic, non-hazardous product. It is an additive available as masterbatch specially developed for a range of polymeric and coating applications including films, wires and cables. It can be used for a number of applications including agricultural films, tarps, pipes, plastics, ducts, tubing and hosing, wires and cables, railways, aviation, mulches and the automobile sector. It is also available in lacquer form which can be coated on the surface of the application to keep the rodents away. It can also be applied on the fence around the capercaillie farm.

 

 

Rats on Planes!! And creating problems for aircraft carriers and fighter jets

Arresting gear is a mechanical system used to rapidly decelerate image003an aircraft as it lands. Arresting gear on aircraft carriers is an essential component of naval aviation. Each plane needs a tail hook, an extended hook attached to the plane’s tail.

Land- based military airfields operating fighter or jet trainer aircraft also use arresting gear systems. They use arrestors for landing aircraft on short or temporary runways or for emergencies involving brake failure, steering problems or other situations in which using the full length of the runway is not possible or safe.

arrestorMulti-element nets are used to stop an aircraft from overshooting the runway in emergency. Rodents have been reported to inflict severe damage to the multi-element nylon tapes used as aircraft arresters in airfields. Though, several methods have been used to control rodents, depending upon the situation, there is no particular method available to protect multi-element nets from rodents.

Many rodenticides have been used for the control of rodents. The application of rodenticides or other conventional methods of rodent control are neither economical nor feasible for the protection of nylon tapes.

Conventionally used chemicals in nylon tape to make them rodent proof are o-cholobenzylidine malanonitril, chloroacetophenone, orthoamino phenol. But these chemicals are harmful to human beings and are effective for a very short period of time.

Other conventional methods used are trappings and repellents which do not give effective results.

News article reported in “Mail online” about the nuisance created by rodents in air craft. rat“Passengers jetting off to New York are grounded after runaway rodent spotted on board British Airways plane”

A British Airways plane had to be grounded shortly before take-off after a stowaway mouse was discovered on board the trans-Atlantic flight.

As the 350 passengers were waiting to jet off to New York they found their flight was cancelled, with staff revealing there was a rodent problem.

One mouse had been spotted on the plane, meaning pest control specialists had to be called to Heathrow Airport to find it before the aircraft was allowed to take off again.


The airline made the decision to ground the plane because of the potential damage the hungry mouse could have done to the aircraft.

It is understood that it took several hours to find the runaway rodent, while passengers who had been due to fly to the US on Friday were offered an alternative flight the following day.


One passenger said: ‘I was going to New York just for the weekend so it was no good to me to be delayed until the Saturday.
 

‘I refused the alternative flight and instead got offered £100 BA vouchers.

‘But I couldn’t believe it when they said the flight was cancelled because of a mouse. That’s never happened to me before. 

1290340503001‘It sounded like a joke but I suppose you can understand their concern that the
mouse might have nibbled through a vital cable.’

A British Airways spokesman said there had been no option but to ground the plane.
‘We’re sorry that we had to move customers onto alternative New York flights after their original flight was cancelled,’ he said.

‘Cancelling a flight is always a last resort, but we took the precaution of searching for the mouse to prevent it from damaging any of the aircraft’s systems. 

‘A mouse was caught and removed and the aircraft is now backing in service.’

Conventional methods are not very effective to tackle rodent nuisance. To provide the best effective and long lasting method; product should be non-toxic and eco-friendly.

Rodrepel™ is a non-toxic, non- hazardous and eco-friendly aversive for rodent and other animals. It has life span upto 40years depending upon the application. It is compatible with different grades of polymers. It is stable at high polymer processing.

Rodrepel™ can be incorporated in the aircraft systems instead of nylon tapes to protect them from the rodent menace.

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